THE EUROPEAN WAY OF RURAL GREEN TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: EXPERIENCE FOR UKRAINE
Keywords:rural green tourism; agrotourism; ecotourism; farmhouse; tourism
Introduction. Modern rural green tourism on a global scale is not only a tourist product, but also an alternative, nonagricultural form of employment in rural areas, which can solve a number of socio-economic and demographic problems. In foreign countries, rural green tourism is a mature tourist destination that has passed certain stages of formation, and therefore has valuable experience that is necessary for its development in Ukraine. The article analyzes the European experience in the organization and development of rural green tourism. The current state of the tourism industry as a whole is analyzed, as well as the specifics of the development and support of rural tourism in different European countries. Purpose. The aim of the article is to determine, on the basis of European experience, prospects for Ukraine regarding the organization and development of rural green tourism. Methods. The following methods were used in the article: abstract-logical (theoretical generalization and study of the peculiarities of the formation of rural tourism in different European countries); inductive method (determining the current state of green tourism); deductive method (the process of generalizing the results in order to learn the scientific essence of the problem); comparative (study of world experience, expediency of its application in Ukraine). Results. It is established that rural green tourism today is one of the promising areas of development of the tourism industry in foreign countries, the rapid development of which in the last year due to quarantine restrictions. It combines a wide range of different types of tourism based on the use of natural, historical and other features of rural resources. It is determined that the development of rural green tourism in Ukraine cannot be effective without taking into account foreign experience. Conclusion. A study of the world experience of using such a branch of the tourism industry as rural green tourism, allowed us to conclude that on a global scale it is an effective tool for sustainable socio-economic development of rural areas and their infrastructure. Conclusions have been made regarding the main directions and prospects for the organization and development of rural green tourism in Ukraine based on the analyzed experience of the EU countries.
Rutinskiy, M. Y., Zinko Yu. V. (2008). Zeleny`j tury`zm [Green tourism]. Kiev. Knowledge. 271. [Ukrainian].
Nikolayenko, T. V., & Nikolayenko, D. V. (1998). Istoriya i regional'nyye osobennosti mirovogo turizma [History and regional peculiarities of world tourism]. Khar'kov: Mezhd. Slav. un-t [Russian].
Kuzyk, S.P., Olesnevych, D.L. (1998). Avstriys'kyy dosvid formuvannya rehional'noyi polityky rozvytku turyzmu [Austrian experience of regional tourism development policy formation]. Lviv: National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Institute of Regional Studies [Ukrainian].
Olesnevych, D.L., Kuzyk, S.P. (1998). Rehional'na orhanizatsiya turyzmu u Velykobrytaniyi [Regional organization of tourism in Great Britain]. Lviv: National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Institute of Regional Studies [Ukrainian].
World travel and tourism council (2021), “Economic Impact Reports”. URL: https://wttc.org/Research/Economic-Impact
Information and Research Center at the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (2021), Stymulyuvannya rozvytku ekolohichnoho/ zelenoho turyzmu: nayavni instrumenty ta praktyka, vplyv na sotsial'no-ekonomichnyy rozvytok krayiny [Stimulating the development of ecological / green tourism: available tools and practices, impact on the socio-economic development of the country]. URL: https://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PA00XH7C.pdf [Ukrainian].
Touristic library (2021), Yevropeys'kyy dosvid orhanizatsiyi sil's'koho zelenoho turyzmu [European experience in organizing rural green tourism]. URL: https://tourlib.net/statti_ukr/siltur2.htm [Ukrainian].
Korol, M.M. and Atamanchuk, V.V. (2016), Analiz yevropeys'koho dosvidu orhanizatsiyi zelenoho turyzmu [Analysis of European experience in organizing green tourism]. Naukovyi visnyk Uzhhorodskoho natsionalnoho universytetu, vol. 6, pp. 30-33. [Ukrainian].
Rural Development and Rural Tourism (2021), “The Impact of Infrastructure Investments”. URL:https://www.intechopen.com/chapters/75227
Dudziak, O.A., Slavina, N.A., Humeniuk, I.I. (2018). Vplyv pol's'koho dosvidu na rozvytok sil's'koho turyzmu v ukrayins'komu seli [The influence of the Polish experience on the development of rural tourism in the Ukrainian village]. Agrosvit, vol. 24, pp. 10-13. [Ukrainian]
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors contributing to Public Policy and Administration agree to publish their articles under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License, allowing third parties to share their work (copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it, under the condition that the authors are given credit, and that in the event of reuse or distribution, the terms of this licence are made clear.