RESEARCH ON THE EFFECT OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD OF EHF BAND ON SEEDS OF CULTURAL PLANTS
Keywords:seed dressing, electromagnetic radiation, the range of extremely, diode characteristics of the generator
AbstractIn modern conditions, to increase the yield of cultivated plants use pre-sowing seeds with the use of chemical and biological products. Due to the orientation of the world's leading countries on environmentally friendly agricultural production technologies, more and more attention is being paid to the development of electro-technological processing methods. The main advantage of electromagnetic technology for pre-sowing seed treatment with low-energy radiation of the EHF range is the possibility of improving their growth and development by mobilizing the internal reserves of the seed itself, accelerating the diffusion of molecules through the cell membrane, the speed of chemical reactions and causing redness plants and promotes yield without chemical or biological agents or genetic engineering methods. The technology of seed treatment EMF EHF allows to store in the seed all the nutrients, vitamins and minerals, which when processed by other methods is difficult to achieve. The study is based on the analysis of literature, theoretical and experimental studies of the energy and spectral characteristics of the diode generator in the EHF wavelength range, which can be concluded that the increase in plant yields is possible based on the use of millimeter-wave electromagnetic radiation for pre-sowing seed treatment. The article proposes a technique for investigating the energy characteristics of a semiconductor six-diode generator on avalanche-spanning diodes for pre-sowing seed treatment of cultivated plants. The result of the developed technique is that one of the main elements of the plant for pre-sowing seed treatment is the emitter of EM energy, which should form the necessary radiation pattern and provide a sufficient level of power flow density on the grain.
Inozemtsev, G. B., Berka, O. M., Okushko, O. V., & Usenko, S. M. (2015). Elektrotekhnolohii obrobky silskohospodarskoi produktsii [Electrotechnology of processing of agricultural products]. Kyiv: Komprynt. [in Ukranian].
Nykyforova, L. E. (2004). Ohliad isnuiuchykh sposobiv pidvyshchennia vrozhainosti ovochevoi produktsii v zakhyshchenomu grunti [Overview of existing ways to increase the yield of vegetable products in protected soil]. Visnyk Kharkivskoho derzhavnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu silskoho hospodarstva. Problemy enerhozberezhennia v APK Ukrainy [Journal of Kharkiv State Technical University of Agriculture. «Problems of Energy Saving in the Agrarian and Industrial Complex of Ukraine»], 27(2), 85–89. [in Ukranian].
Tsherenkov, A. D., & Kosulina, N. G. (2005). Primenenie informacionnyh jelektromagnitnyh polej v tehnologicheskih processah sel'skogo hazjajstva [Use of the informational electromagnetic fields in the technological process of Agriculture]. Lighting technology and electrical power engineering. Svіtlotehnіka ta elektroenerґetika, 5, 77–80.
Kozyrsky, V. V., Savchenko, V. V., & Sinyavsky, A. Y. (2014). Vlijanie magnitnogo polja na diffuziju molekul cherez kletochnuju membranu semjan sel'skohozjajstvennyh kul'tur [The influence of the magnetic field on the diffusion of molecules through the cell membrane of seeds of agricultural crops]. Vestnik VIJeSH, 2 (15), 16–19. [in Ukranian].
Kozyrsky, V. V., Savchenko, V. V., & Sinyavsky, O. Y. (2014). Vplyv mahnitnoho polia na vodopohlynannia nasinnia [Influence of magnetic field on water absorption of seeds]. Naukovyi visnyk NUBiP Ukrainy [Scientific Bulletin of the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine. Series: APC Engineering and Energy], 194(1), 16–20. [in Ukranian].
Granatstein, V., Parker, R., & Armstrong, C. (1999). Vacuum electronics at the dawn of the twenty-first century. Proceedings of the IEEE, 87(5), 702–716.
Freund, H., & Neil, G. (1999). Free-electron lasers: Vacuum electronic generators of coherent radiation. Proceedings of the IEEE, 87(5), 782–803.
Parker, R., Abrams, R., Danly, B., & Levush, B. (2002). Vacuum electronics. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 50(3), 835–845.
Kasatkin, L. V., Rukin, V. P., & Eremka, V. D. (2007). Jelektrovakuumnye pribory diapazona millimetrovyh voln [Electrovacuum devices of millimeter wave]. Sevastopol: Veber. [in Russian].
Olenyuk, O., Krol, V., & Morozov, V. (2017). Analysis of serially released ehf band generators for pre-sowing treatment of seeds. Modern problems of agricultural mechanics: Proceedings of the XVIII International Science. Conf. (pp/ 160–161). [in Ukranian].
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Podilian Bulletin: Agriculture, Engineering, Economics
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors contributing to Public Policy and Administration agree to publish their articles under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License, allowing third parties to share their work (copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it, under the condition that the authors are given credit, and that in the event of reuse or distribution, the terms of this licence are made clear.