FENNEL YIELD AND QUALITY DEPENDING ON TECHNOLOGICAL FACTORS IN THE CONDITIONS OF FOREST-STEPPE OF UKRAINE
Keywords:fennel, sowing time, row spacing, seeding rate, crop capacity, essential oil
AbstractThe growth of the essential oils market is explained by the growing demand for natural and organic products. Today, the global aromatherapy market with essential oils is growing, and demand for essential oils is increasing at the same rate. The studies are dedicated to the valuable essential oil culture ‒ fennel, the spread of which in the forest-steppe zone of Ukraine will allow to obtain high profitability by agro-forming of different forms of ownership and will help to provide the Ukrainian market with raw materials of appropriate quality. The article offers a solution to the pressing issue of expanding the area of new unconventional culture in the conditions of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine by improving technological measures in the cultivation of culture. The basis of scientific research is the study of sowing terms (1st decade of April, for soil LTR 6-80C), (2nd decade of April, for LTR of soil 10-120C); row spacing (5, 30, 45 and 60 cm) and seeding rates (1, 1.5 and 2 million sprouting seeds per hectare). Among the plans of the research tasks were: to conduct the accounting of yields and to determine indicators of seeds quality (the content of essential oil in fennel seeds and its conditional yield per hectare of sowing), depending on the studied factors. Crop accounting was performed by continuous submerged threshing. The yield was brought to 100% purity and standard humidity according to the method described by V.O. Moiseychenko and V.O. Yeshchenko. Mathematical data processing was performed according to the method of B.A. Dopehova. The results of the research show that the sowing variants in the first decade of April, with a wide-row method (45 cm) sowing rate of one million sprouting seeds per hectare, yielded the optimum yield of fennel – 1.48 t / ha. In the same variant, the maximum content of essential oil was obtained – 6.23% and its yield from the hectare sowing area‒ 59.2 kg.
Lukyanov I.A., Reznikov A.R., Glushenko N.N. et al. (1976). Efiromaslichnyie kulturyi [Essential oil crops]. In Smolyanov, A.M. & Ksendz, A.T. (Eds.), Essential oil crops (pp. 89-113). Moscow. Kolos. [in Russian]
Muhanova, Yu.I., & Homyakova, E.M. (1991). Pryanaya zelen na gryadkah [Spicy greens in the beds]. Moskow: Moskovskiy rabochiy. [in Russian]
Grashoff, K. (2006). Bitterer und Süßer Fenchel – Foeniculum vulgare Mill. ssp. Arzneipflanzen teil VIII. Die P.T.A in der Apotheke, 35, 70-72. Retrievied from https://www.yumpu.com/de/document/read/25573900/bitterer-und-susser-fenchel-die-pta-in-der-apotheke
Anbautelegramm Arzneifenchel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) (2008). Jena: Thüringer Ministerium für Landwirtschaft, Naturschutz und Umwelt, Freistaat Thüringen, Thüringer Landesanstalt für Landwirtschaft.
Makuha, O.V., Fedorchuk, M.I. & Makuha, N.A. (2013, February). Nekotoryie aspektyi introduktsii fenhelya obyiknovennogo v zone yuzhnoy Stepi Ukrainyi [Some aspects of the introduction of common fennel in the southern steppe zone of Ukraine]. Nauchno-prakticheskie aspektyi tehnologiy vozdelyivaniya i pererabotki maslichnyih kultur: mezhdunarodnaya nauchno-prakticheskaya konferentsiya, 15-16 fevralya 2013 g.: materialyi konf. Ryazan [Scientific and practical aspects of the technologies of cultivation and processing of oilseeds: international scientific and practical conference ( Pp. 209-214)]. Ryazan. [in Russian]
Damjanovica, B., Lepojevicb, Z., Zivkovicc, V. & Aleksandar, Tolic A (2005). Extraction of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) seeds with supercritical CO2: Comparison with hydrodistillation. Food Chemistry,92 (1), 143-149.
Ushkarenko, V.A., Fedorchuk, M.I., Rabotyagov V.D. & Fedorchuk, V.G. (2004). Efiromaslichnyie i lekarstvennyie rasteniya [Essential and medicinal plants]. Herson: Aylant. [in Russian]
Stotska, S.V. (2011). Formuvannya urozhaynosti nasinnya fenhelyu zvychaynogo zalezhno vid sposobiv sivby [Formation of productivity of seeds of fennel ordinary depending on methods of sowing]. Zb.nauk.-prakt. konf. «Teoretychni ta praktychni aspekty naukovyh doslidzhen u sferi agrotehnologiy ta zemleustroyu» [Theoretical and Practical Aspects of Scientific Research in the Field of Agricultural Technologies and Land Management: Proceedings of the Scientific-Practical Conference (pp. 92-95)]. Zhytomyr: Vyd-vo «Zhytomyrsky natsionalny agroekologichny universytet». [in Ukranian]
Fedorchuk, M.I. & Makuha, O.V. (2012). Biologichni osoblyvosti rostu ta rozvytku fenhelyu zvychaynogo v posushlyvyh umovah Khersonskoyi oblasti [Biological features of the growth and development of fennel common in the arid conditions of the Kherson region]. Tavriyskyi naukovyi visnyk, 2012. 80, 138-142. [in Ukranian]
Naumov, S.Yu. & Zlobina, A.A. (2006). Razvitie listev Foeniculum vulgare Mill. pervogo goda zhizni [Leaf development of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. first year of life]. ZbIrnik naukovih prats Luganskogo NAU,66 (89), 38-43. [in Russian]
Korshikov, B.M., Makarova, G.V., Naletko, N.L. et al. (1985). Lekarstvennyie svoystva selskohozyaystvennyih rasteniy, 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. [Medicinal properties of agricultural plants. In Borisov, M.I. & Sokolov, S.Ya. (Eds.), Medicinal properties of agricultural plants (2nd ed., revised and add.), (pp.76-78)]. Minsk: Uradzhay. [in Ukranian]
Ostapenko, A.I. & Bratchuk, A.N. (2003). Pryanoaromaticheskie i pryanovkusovyie rasteniya: spravochnik [Aromatic and gingerbread plants: a reference book]. Herson. [in Ukranian]
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Podilian Bulletin: Agriculture, Engineering, Economics
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors contributing to Public Policy and Administration agree to publish their articles under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License, allowing third parties to share their work (copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it, under the condition that the authors are given credit, and that in the event of reuse or distribution, the terms of this licence are made clear.