INFLUENCE OF PLANTS PROTECTION MEANS ON THE PRODUCTIVITY OF NAKED OATS UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF THE WESTERN FOREST-STEPPE OF UKRAINE

І. V. Mazurak I.V.

Abstract


The article presents the results of field research on the production of naked oats yields, depending on the means of plant protection under the conditions of the western forest-steppe of Ukraine. The object of research was the belligerent variety Avgol. The purpose of our research was to study the effects of various protection schemes to obtain the highest yield of oats. In the process of conducting research, the field method of research was used: - to determine the influence of the elements of cultivation technology. From the results of the research, it can be seen that the means of plant protection have an effect on the yield of naked oats. The smallest it was in the first variant with the introduction of the Granstar herbicide (25 g / ha) and was 4.87 t / ha. Intensification of cultivation technology with morphorigulator Stabilan (0.8 l / ha) yields of oats increased to 5.35 t / ha, which is 0.45 t / ha more than the previous one. The morphoregulator thickened the walls of the straw, reduced the height of the plants, and thus protected from falling. In the third variant (Granstar (25g / ha) + Stabilan (0.8l / ha) + Falcon fungicide (0.8 l / ha), the yield increase was 4.98 t / ha, and the growth to the first was 0.96 t / ha Fungicide Falcon protected crops of oats from the defeat of septoriosis, powdery mildew, spots in the phase of tubing. It provided an increase in yields by 0.51 t / ha. Two-time introduction of fungicides (Granstar (25 g / ha) + Stabilan (0.8 l / ha) + Falcon (0.8 l / ha) + Rex Duo fungicide (0.6 l / ha)) positively affected oat crops and contributed to an increase yields to 6.09 t / ha, which is 1.22 t / ha of the control variant. The highest yields over the years have been observed in the fifth variant (Granstar (25 g / ha) + Stabilan (0.8 l / ha) + Falcon (0.8 l / ha) + Rex Duo (0.6 l / ha) + insecticide Fastak (0.2 l / ha)), where it was 6.15 t / ha, which is 1.28 t / ha more than the variant with the application of only Granstar herbicide (25 g / ha). However, the use of insecticides was ineffective in comparison with fungicides. The increase in the yield from the insecticide Fastak was only 0.06 t / ha. Depending on the protection schemes, the protein content did not change significantly and was at 14.42 - 14.44%. Consequently, the yield of naked oat of the variety Avogol due to the introduction of herbicide, morpho-regulator, fungicides and insecticide increased by 1.28 t / ha

Keywords


naked oats; plant protection means; yield; quality

References


Ahrokhymycheskoe obespechenye tekhnolohyy vozdelyvanyia ovsa. Metod. Rekomendatsyy [Agrochemical maintenance of technology of cultivation of oats. Method. recommendations] (1990). Novosibirsk: Novosibirsk region project.-find out. the chemical station of the village farms. [in Rus.]

Areshnikov, B.A., Goncharenko, M.P., & Kostyukovsky, M. G. (1992). Zakhyst zernovykh kultur vid shkidnykiv, khvorob i burianiv pry intensyvnykh tekhnolohiiakh [Protection of grain crops from pests, diseases and weeds in intensive technologies]. Kyiv: Harvest.

Belchenko, S.O. (2011). Uslovyia pytanyia y formyrovanyia kachestva zerna yachmenia y ovsa [Conditions of nutrition and formation of quality of barley and oats]. Problemy agrokhimii i ekologii, 3, 13-16. [in Rus.]

Bogachkov, V.I., & Smishchuk, N. G. (1995). O selektsyy ovsa v Zapadnoi Sybyry. Selektsyia y semenovodstvo [About selection of oats in Western Siberia]. Selektsyia y semenovodstvo, 1, 13-14. [in Rus.]

Govryakov, A.S. (2012). Vlyianye azotnykh udobrenyi, rehuliatorov rosta rastenyi y herbytsydov na urozhainost ovsa v Saratovskom Pravoberezhe : Avtoref. dys. na soysk. uchen. step. kandydata nauk [Effect of Nitrogen Fertilizers, Growth Regulators of Plants and Herbicides on Oat Productivity in Saratov Right Bank (Unpublished PhD thesis)]. Agrochemistry, Saratov. [in Rus.]

Ivashchenko, O.O. (2001). Problemy herbolohii sohodni [Problems of herbology today]. Bulletin of Agrarian Science. 4, 35-39. [in Ukr.]

Ivashchenko, O.O. (2000). Herbolohiia – napriamy doslidzhen [Herbology - Research Areas]. Visnyk ahrarnoi nauky, 4, 3-4. [in Ukr.]

Kornilov, A.A. (1969). Byolohycheskye osnovy vysokykh urozhaev zernovykh kultur [Biological bases of high crops of cereals]. Moscow: Kolos. [in Rus.]

Kornilov, I.M. (2008). Pryemy vozdelyvanyia ovsa v Tsentralno-Chernozemnoi zone [Methods of cultivating oats in the Central Chernozem zone]. Zemledelye, 3, 33. [in Rus.]

Lagos, T.F. (1991). Urozhai y kachestvo zerna sortov ovsa pry yntensyvnoi tekhnolohyy vozdelыvanyia v uslovyiakh peredkarpatia: avtoref. dys. na soyskanye uch. stepeny kand. selkhoz. nauk: 06.01.09 [Vintage and quality of grain of oat varieties under intensive cultivation technology in pre-Carpathian conditions (Unpublished PhD thesis)]. Lviv: Plant Production. [in Rus.]

Lуchochvor, V.V., Petrichenko, V.F, & Ivaschuk, P.V. (2008). Zernovyrobnytstvo [Grain production]. Lviv: Scientific-production enterprise "Ukrainian technologies". [in Ukr.]

Loskutov, I.G. (1989). Sviaz ustoichyvosty ovsa k polehanyiu s meteorolohycheskymy uslovyiamy [Relationship of stability of oats to lodging with meteorological conditions]. Sb. nauchn. trudov po prykladnoi botanyke, henetyke y selektsyy, 128, 95-99. [in Rus.]

Musatov A.G. (1992). Ranni zernovi furazhni kultury [Early grain fodder crops]. Kyiv: Harvest. [in Ukr.]

Pikush, G.R. Grinchenko, A.L. (1990). Prymenenye rehuliatorov rosta rastenyi v selskokhoziaistvennom proyzvodstve [Application of regulators of growth of plants in agricultural production]. Moscow: Vintage. [in Rus.]

Razumkin, D.I. (1981). Sravnytelnaia otsenka sortov ovsa v zavysymosty ot urovnia myneralnoho pytanyia y hustotы poseva [Comparative evaluation of oat varieties depending on the level of mineral nutrition and the density of sowing]. Aktualnye voprosy s.-kh. proyzv. v Yvanovskoi obl., 413, 48-53. [in Rus.]

Storchus, I. (2011). Buriany yak faktor vplyvu na prodovolchu bezpeku [Weeds as a factor in the impact on food security]. URL: http://www.agrobusiness.com.ua/agronomiia-siogodni/491-buriany-iak-faktor-vplyvu-naprodovolchu-bezpeku.html. [in Ukr.]

Doyle, C. J., & Valentine, J. (1988). Naked oats: An estimation of the economic potential for livestock feed in the United Kingdom. Plant varieties and seeds, 2, 320.


GOST Style Citations


Агрохимическое обеспечение технологии возделывания овса : методические рекомендации. Новосибирск : Новосиб. обл. проект.-изыскат. станция химизации сел. хозяйства. 1990. 21 с. Арєшніков Б.А., Гончаренко М. П., Костюковський М. Г. Захист зернових культур від шкідників, хвороб і бур’янів при інтенсивних технологіях. Київ : Урожай, 1992. 224 с. Бельченко С.О. Условия питания и формирования качества зерна ячменя и овса. Проблемы агрохими и экологии. 2011. № 3. С. 13-16. Богачков В.И., Смищук Н. Г. О селекции овса в Западной Сибири. Селекция и семеноводство. № 1. 1995. С. 13 - 14. Говряков А.С. Влияние азотных удобрений, регуляторов роста растений и гербицидов на урожайность овса в Саратовском Правобережье : автореф. дис. на соиск. учен. степ. кандидата наук: спец. 06.01.04. Саратов : Агрохимия, 2012. С. 2–11. Іващенко О.О. Проблеми гербології сьогодні. Вісник аграрної науки. 2001. № 4. С. 35-39. Іващенко О.О. Гербологія – напрями досліджень. Захист рослин. 2000. № 4. С. 3-4. Корнилов А.А. Биологические основы высоких урожаев зерновых культур. Москва : Колос, 1969. 240 с. Корнилов И.М. Приемы возделывания овса в Центрально-Черноземной зоне. Земледелие, 2008. № 3. С. 33. Лагуш Т. Ф. Урожай и качество зерна сортов овса при интенсивной технологии возделывания в условиях передкарпатья: автореф. дис. на соискание уч. степени канд. сельхоз. наук: 06.01.09. Львов : Растеневодство, 1991. С. 2-15. 11.Лихочвор В. В, Петриченко В. Ф, Іващук П. В. Зерновиробництво Львів: НВФ „Українські технології”. 2008. 624 с. Лоскутов И.Г. Связь устойчивости овса к полеганию с метеорологическими условиями. Сб. научн. трудов по прикладной ботанике, генетике и селекции. Москва : 1989. т. 128. С. 95 - 99. Мусатов А.Г. Ранні зернові фуражні культури. Київ : Урожай, 1992. С. 34-58. Пикуш Г.Р. Гринченко А. Л. Применение регуляторов роста растений в сельскохозяйственном производстве. Москва : Урожай, 1990. 216 с. Разумкин Д.И. Сравнительная оценка сортов овса в зависимости от уровня минерального питания и густоты посева. Актуальные вопросы с.-х. произв. в Ивановской обл. Ленинград, 1981. Т. 413. С. 48-53. 16.Сторчоус І. Бур’яни як фактор впливу на продовольчу безпеку. URL: http://www.agrobusiness.com.ua/agronomiia-siogodni/491-buriany-iak-faktor-vplyvu-naprodovolchu-bezpeku.html (дата звернення 06.08.2018). Doyle C. J., Valentine J. Naked oats: An assessment of the economic potential for livestock feed in the United Kingdom Plant varietes and seeds. 1988. № 2. рр. 320.




Copyright (c) 2019 Podilian Bulletin: Agriculture, Engineering, Economics

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Ліцензія Creative CommonsState Agrarian and Egineering University in Podilya